Introduction to RabbitMQ

| By Webner


RabbitMQ is an open-source message broker. It supports multiple messaging protocols. It was originally developed to support AMQP 0-9-1 protocol ( Advanced Message Queuing Protocol which is a messaging protocol that enables conforming client applications to communicate with conforming messaging middleware brokers ). This protocol is considered a “core” protocol supported by the broker. It also supports STOMP, MQTT, AMQP 1.0 & HTTP and WebSockets using plugins. It runs on many operating systems and cloud environments, and it also provides a wide range of developer tools for most popular languages.

It accepts, stores & forwards binary blobs of data-messages.

Steps to Install RabbitMQ using official its installer on Windows:

RabbitMQ installer has a dependency that requires a 64-bit supported version of Erlang for Windows to be installed. So first we are going to install the Erlang.

  1. Download file from URL →
  2. Run the downloaded Erlang executable file it will install the Erlang
  3. Now Go to Start → Settings → Control Panel → System → Advanced → Environment Variables.
    We need to create a system environment variable ERLANG_HOME and set it to the full path of the directory which contains bin\erl.exe as shown below.

    rabbitmq 1

After the successful installation of Erlang, we will install the Rabbit MQ Server.

Install RabbitMQ Server:

  1. Download file from this URL →
    Rabbit MQ server 3.8.2.exe
  2. Now run the downloaded RabbitMQ Server file. It will install the RabbitMQ Server.

Install php-amqplib client library:

  1. Open the folder in the command prompt or power shell where your project resides.
    (like in my case it is → C:\xampp\htdocs\RabbitMQ_Project )
  2. Now run the following command to install the php-amqplib using composer:
    composer require php-amqplib/php-amqplib
  3. The output will be like below →


Now we are done with the installation & environment setup for RabbitMQ to send & receive messages.

Here are some important terms used in RabbitMQ:


Publisher: A program that sends messages is called Publisher.
Queue: Buffer that stores messages.
Consumer: A program that receives messages is called Consumer.


Now we will create a simple “Hello World” project in which we’ll write two programs in PHP; a producer that sends a single message, and a consumer that receives messages and prints them out.

  1. Create a file : send.php and paste the below code in a blank file.
    require_once __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';
    use PhpAmqpLib\Connection\AMQPStreamConnection;
    use PhpAmqpLib\Message\AMQPMessage;
    $connection = new AMQPStreamConnection('localhost', 5672, 'guest', 'guest');
    $channel = $connection->channel();
    $channel->queue_declare('hello', false, false, false, false);
    $msg = new AMQPMessage('Hello World!');
    $channel->basic_publish($msg, '', 'hello');
    echo " [x] Sent 'Hello World!'\n";
  2. Create another file receive.php and paste the below code in the same
    require_once __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';
    use PhpAmqpLib\Connection\AMQPStreamConnection;
    $connection = new AMQPStreamConnection('localhost', 5672, 'guest', 'guest');
    $channel = $connection->channel();
    $channel->queue_declare('hello', false, false, false, false);
    echo " [*] Waiting for messages. To exit press CTRL+C\n";
    $callback = function ($msg) {
    echo ' [x] Received ', $msg->body, "\n";
    $channel->basic_consume('hello', '', false, true, false, false, $callback);
    while ($channel->is_consuming()) {
  3. Now, go to start menu and click on: RabbitMQ Service – start
  4. Now the RabbitMQ service is started. Run the PHP files in different command prompt to test the output:


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