European characters like è é å ñ ü ,à, è, ì, ò, ù – À, È, Ì, Ò, Ù, ™, © ,• , ∑, α, β, «, » do not get inserted correctly in MySQL by default. To fix it, we need to change the character set (fixed collection of symbols) and collation (set of rules that determine how data is sorted and compared).
To insert and retrieve european characters change character set to utf-8 and collation to utf_unicode_ci for your database using SQL query:
CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;
UTF-8 (Unicode) includes all human language symbols eg. chinese characters, arabic alphabet , european characters etc and also math symbols.
We can check the character set and collation for all databases in phpmyadmin by following the path:
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