Compress Videos using FFmpeg Laravel & shell_exec method

| By Webner


  1. First of all, install FFmpeg in your composer. Perform the steps below to install it on Ubuntu:

    composer require pbmedia/laravel-FFmpeg

  2. Start by updating the packages list:

    $ sudo apt update

  3. – Next, install FFmpeg by typing the following command:

    $ sudo apt install FFmpeg

    – To check FFmpeg is installed properly on your server.use following command:

    $ FFmpeg -version

    – The output looks something like this:
    FFmpeg -version
    FFmpeg version 3.4.6-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 Copyright (c) 2000-2019 the FFmpeg developers

    – To print available FFmpeg’s encoders and decoders type:

    $ FFmpeg -encoders
    $ FFmpeg -decoders

    That’s it. FFmpeg 3 is now installed properly on your system and you can start using it by the commands.

  4. In your app.php use these

    In providers

  5. – In aliases
    'FFmpeg' => Pbmedia\LaravelFFmpeg\FFmpegFacade::class

  6. In your controller
    Use the following on top of the controller-

    use FFmpeg;
    use FFmpeg\Coordinate\Dimension;
    use FFmpeg\Format\Video\X264;

  7. – In your controller method:

    $file = $request->MediaFile;
    $fileNameArray = explode(".", $file->getClientOriginalName());
    if ($fileType == 'video'){
    $filename = $file->getClientOriginalName(); //get name of file.
    $extension = $file->extension(); //to get extension of file
    $storage_path= Storage::disk('public')->makeDirectory('uploads'); // to make directory uploads in public folder
    $storage_path_full = '/'.$filename; //to make variable for storage path
    $localVideo = Storage::disk('public')->put($storage_path_full, file_get_contents($file)); //to put file in public folder
    if($extension == 'mp4'){
    $compressedFileName = $fileNameArray[0] . date('his') . '.' . $extension;
    $docPath = 'userMedia/Story/' . $fileNameArray[0] . date('his') . '.' . $extension;
    $compressedFileName = $fileNameArray[0] . date('his') . '.mp4' ;
    $docPath = 'userMedia/Story/' . $fileNameArray[0] . date('his') . '.mp4' ;
    $time = Carbon::now();
    $fileArray =[
    $fileObject = (object)$fileArray;
    $response = uploadMedia::dispatch($fileObject);

    In your job use echo shell for command
    Make job class in your app:-

    php artisan make:job compressVideo

    When you run this command compressVideo.php file is created in your App\Jobs folder
    – Go to your job class and at the top use these namespaces-

    use FFmpeg;
    use FFmpeg\Coordinate\Dimension;
    use FFmpeg\Format\Video\X264;

    – In your construct function-
    public function __construct($file)
    $this->file = $file;

    – In your handle function-
    public function handle()
    $localVideoPath = storage_path('app/public/').$this->file->filename;
    $compressedPath = storage_path('app/public/').$this->file->compressedFileName;
    if($this->file->extension == 'mp4'){
    $string = "FFmpeg -i ".$localVideoPath." -vf 'scale=iw/4:ih/4 ' ".$compressedPath; //FFmpeg command for compression
    echo shell_exec($string); //to run command on the terminal
    $stringChangeExtension = "FFmpeg -i ".$localVideoPath." -f mp4 -vf 'scale=iw/4:ih/4 ' -preset fast -profile:v main -acodec aac ".$compressedPath." -hide_banner";//FFmpeg command for compression and change extension of video
    echo shell_exec($stringChangeExtension);//to run command on the terminal
    $s3resp = Storage::disk('s3')->put($this->file->docPath, \Illuminate\Support\Facades\File::get($compressedPath));
    $response = Storage::disk('public')->delete($this->file->filename);
    $deleteFile = Storage::disk('public')->delete($this->file->compressedFileName);
    $responseDir = Storage::disk('public')->deleteDirectory('uploads');


By using this example you can do video compression.

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